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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 9 | Rosaceae | Physocarpus

5. Physocarpus monogynus (Torrey) J. M. Coulter, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 2: 104. 1891.

Mountain nine-bark

Spiraea monogyna Torrey, Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York 2: 194. 1827

Shrubs, 10 dm. Stems often decumbent, spreading, ˂reddish brown becoming dark gray˃, glabrous or sparsely stellate-hairy. Leaves: stipules linear to narrowly elliptic or subulate, 4–5 × 1 mm, ˂base attenuate, apex acute˃; petiole 0.5–2.2 cm; blade broadly ovate, 1.5–4 × 2–4.5 cm, sometimes wider than long, base usually truncate to cordate, rarely broadly cuneate, 0 or 1–5-lobed, margins doubly crenate to doubly serrate, apex rounded to obtuse, surfaces glabrous or sparsely stellate-hairy. Inflorescences 10(–15)–30-flowered, fairly dense, hemispheric racemes, 4 cm diam.; bracts linear to narrowly elliptic or narrowly obovate, 2–4 mm, apex acute, rarely 2-fid. Pedicels 8–18 mm, sparsely to moderately stellate-hairy. Flowers 8–10 mm diam.; hypanthium cup-shaped, 1.7–2 mm, sparsely to moderately stellate-hairy; sepals triangular to ovate, 3 mm, apex gland-tipped, surfaces sparsely to moderately stellate-hairy; petals white, broadly elliptic to orbiculate, 4.5 × 4 mm; stamens ˂20–40˃, ± equal to petals; carpels (1)2(3), connate at least 1/2 their lengths, densely stellate-hairy. Follicles (1)2(3), inflated, 2.5 mm (lengths shorter than sepals), densely stellate-hairy, ˂hairs white˃; styles 3.5 mm. Seeds 1–3, ˂pyriform, 2–2.5 mm˃. 2n = 18.

Flowering May–Aug; fruiting Jul–Oct. Open rocky wooded slopes, seepage ledges, canyons; 1800–2600 m; Ariz., Colo., Mont., Nev., N.Mex., Okla., S.Dak., Tex., Utah, Wyo.


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