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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 9 | Rosaceae | Potentilla

20. Potentilla rubella T. J. Sørensen, Meddel. Grønland. 101(2): 106, plates 1–3. 1934.

Potentilla rubelloides V. V. Petrovsky

Glands sparse to abundant, red, stipitate (at least on calyx and hypanthium). Stems 0.5–2 dm. Basal leaves 3–6 cm; petiole 2–4 cm, hairs common to abundant, ± ascending to spreading, 1–1.5 mm, weak to stiff, glands sparse to common; leaflets (4–)5(–6), central one obovate, 0.5–1.5 × 0.3–0.9 cm, distal ca. 1/2 of margin incised ca. 1/4 to midvein, teeth (2–)3(–4) per side, surfaces ± similar, abaxial pale reddish green, hairs sparse to common on primary veins, spreading, 0.6–1 mm, ± stiff, adaxial green or reddish, glabrous or sparsely hairy. Cauline leaves 1–2; stipules fused with all or most of petiole, free portion shorter than fused portion. Inflorescences (1–)2–5-flowered. Pedicels 1–3 cm (proximalmost to 5 cm). Flowers: epicalyx bractlets linear to narrowly lanceolate, 4–6 × 0.9–1.2 mm; hypanthium 3–4 mm diam.; sepals 5–7 mm, apex subacute or acute; petals 7–9 × 4–6 mm; filaments 0.7–0.9 mm, anthers 0.4 mm; carpels 40–50, styles 0.9–1.1 mm. Achenes not known. 2n = 28, 42 (Siberia).

Flowering summer. Herb-Salix meadows, herb slopes, open tundra, among mosses; 0–500 m; Greenland; Asia.

Potentilla rubella combines characteristics of P. hyparctica (sect. Aureae) and P. stipularis. The species is strongly supported as an intersectional hybrid with polytopic origins. It reproduces by seed, shows no transitions to its presumed parental species, and has significant ranges in eastern and northeastern Greenland and northern Asia.


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