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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 6 | Hypericaceae | Hypericum

5. Hypericum densiflorum Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 2: 376. 1813.

Bushy St. John’s wort Bushy St. John’s wort

Hypericum glomeratum Small; H. interior Small; H. nothum Rehder; H. prolificum Linnaeus var. densiflorum (Pursh) A. Gray

Shrubs, erect, forming slender bush, 6–30 dm. Stems: internodes 4-lined at first, soon 2-lined to terete. Leaf blades narrowly elliptic-oblong or oblanceolate to linear, 20–45 × 2–7 mm, base articulated, narrowly cuneate to attenuate, margins recurved to revolute, apex apiculate-rounded to subacute, midrib with 14–17 pairs of branches. Inflorescences <broadly pyramidal to broadly cylindric>, 5–25-flowered <from apical node>, with (2–)5–15-flowered dichasia from 1–2 proximal nodes. Flowers 10–17(–20) mm diam.; sepals deciduous, not enclosing capsule, 5, narrowly oblong to oblanceolate-spatulate, unequal or subequal, 4–6 × 1–1.5 mm, <basal veins 1–3>; petals 5, deep golden yellow, obovate-oblanceolate, 6–9 mm; stamens deciduous, 100–150; ovary 3–4(–5)-merous. Capsules narrowly ovoid conic to cylindric-ovoid, 5–6(–7) × 2–3 mm, <not or scarcely lobed>. Seeds not carinate, 0.8–1.3 mm; testa linear-reticulate. 2n = 18.

Flowering summer (Jun–Aug). Wet or moist habitats (meadows, lake margins, pinelands, etc.), road embankments, rocky hillsides; 0–1000 m; Ala., Del., Ga., Ky., Md., N.J., N.C., Pa., S.C., Tenn., Va., W.Va.

Hybrid intermediates between Hypericum densiflorum and H. lobocarpum occur in northwestern Alabama, and a narrow-leaved, small-flowered form in Tennessee and northern Georgia (H. interior) verges toward H. galioides. Hypericum densiflorum is always distinct from H. prolificum in the wild; these species hybridize in gardens. Hypericum ×arnoldianum Rehder, known in cultivation only, was thought by Rehder to have the parentage H. galioides × lobocarpum; on both morphological and cytological grounds, the conclusion of W. P. Adams (1972) that it was H. densiflorum × lobocarpum seems much more likely.


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