1. Colubrina texensis (Torrey & A. Gray) A. Gray, Boston J. Nat. Hist. 6: 169. 1850.
Texan hog-plum Texan hog-plum
Rhamnus texensis Torrey & A. Gray, Fl. N. Amer. 1: 263. 1838
Shrubs or small trees, erect, 1–2(–2.8) m. Stems zigzag, white tomentose-sericeous, becoming glabrate. Leaves deciduous, sometimes fascicled on short shoots; petiole 1–4 mm; blade ovate to elliptic, oblong-obovate, or obovate, 1–3(–4) cm, subcoriaceous, base rounded to subcordate, margins shallowly serrate, teeth 10–20 per side, apex rounded, often apiculate, abaxial surface loosely sericeous, adaxial glabrate; pinnately veined, secondary veins (2–)3–4 pairs, arcuate, basal pair prominent. Inflorescences fascicles, 2–4(–7)-flowered, or flowers solitary; peduncles absent; fruiting pedicels 5–13 mm. Capsules 6–9 mm.
Flowering Mar–May. Fencerows, roadsides, disturbed sites, clay banks, shell ridges, loose sand, sandy loam, rocky limestone slopes and crevices, gravel hills, stream banks, alluvial terraces, gravelly flood plains, shrub-grasslands, mesquite shrublands, oak-mesquite, oak-juniper, and mesquite-hackberry woodlands; 0–800 m; Tex.
Colubrina texensis is widespread in central and southern Texas.