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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 12 | Euphorbiaceae

39. Euphorbia florida Engelmann in W. H. Emory, Rep. U.S. Mex. Bound. 2(1): 189. 1859.

Chiricahua Mountain sandmat Chiricahua Mountain sandmat

Chamaesyce florida (Engelmann) Millspaugh

Herbs, annual, with slender taproot. Stems erect, 15–60 cm, usually glabrous, rarely puberulent. Leaves opposite; stipules distinct, divided into 3–4 subulate-filiform divisions, 0.4–1.6 mm, usually glabrous, rarely puberulent; petiole 0.5–2.5 mm, glabrous; blade usually linear, rarely to narrowly elliptic, 10–40(–60) × 0.5–2.5 mm, base symmetric, attenuate, margins serrulate, often revolute, apex acute, surfaces usually glabrous, rarely puberulent; obscurely pinnately veined. Cyathia solitary at nodes or in small, cymose clusters at branch tips; peduncle 1.2–8.1 mm. Involucre obconic, 1.7–2.4 × 1.5–2.1 mm, glabrous; glands 4, greenish yellow to slightly pink, circular to oblong, 0.4–0.5 × 0.4–0.6 mm; appendages white to pink, obovoid, circular, flabellate, or oblong, 0.8–2.9 × 1–2.8 mm, distal margin entire. Staminate flowers 25–35. Pistillate flowers: ovary glabrous; styles 0.8–1.4 mm, 2-fid entire length. Capsules oblate, 2.2–2.5 × 2.7–3.1 mm, glabrous; columella 1.8–2.1 mm. Seeds light gray to light brown, ovoid, slightly 4-angled in cross section, 1.6–2 × 1.3–1.7 mm, with 2 or 3 well-developed transverse ridges.

Flowering and fruiting summer–late fall. Sandy flats, gravelly washes, rocky hillsides, talus slopes, desert scrub, desert grasslands, mesquite woodlands, rarely oak woodlands; 600–1300 m; Ariz.; Mexico (Sinaloa, Sonora).

Euphorbia florida is known in the flora area from Coconino County south to the Mexican border


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