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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 12 | Putranjivaceae

1. Drypetes lateriflora (Swartz) Krug & Urban, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 15: 357. 1892.

Guiana-plum Guiana-plum

Schaefferia lateriflora Swartz, Prodr., 38. 1788

Trees to 10 m. Bark light brown, rough, separating into scales. Buds hairy, not resinous. Leaves: petiole 0.3–1 cm; blade lanceolate to narrowly ovate-elliptic, 4–12 × 1.5–5 cm, thick-papery, base obtuse to acute, margins entire or minutely serrate, apex usually abruptly acute to acuminate; venation finely reticulate. Staminate inflorescences: flowers 8–25 per fascicle. Pistillate inflorescences: flowers 1–5 per fascicle. Staminate flowers: sepals 4(–5), ovate-elliptic, 1.5–2 mm, ciliate, otherwise sparsely hairy or glabrous; nectary deeply lobed; stamens 4(–5). Pistillate flowers: sepals like those of staminate flowers; nectary lobed; ovary 2-carpellate; styles 2; stigmas 2. Drupes red-orange at maturity, ovoid to subglobose, 10–13 × 8–11 mm; mesocarp 1–2 mm thick, fleshy; endocarp 0.5 mm thick, brittle. Seeds usually 1 per fruit, sometimes 1 per locule.

Flowering late winter–spring; fruiting spring–early summer. Tropical hammocks; 0–10 m; Fla.; e Mexico; West Indies; Central America.

Fruits of Drypetes lateriflora apparently are removed by animals soon after they ripen; specimens with mature fruits are rarely collected. Drypetes lateriflora is more common on the Florida mainland than in the Keys.


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