7m. Arceuthobium campylopodum Engelmann subsp. tsugense (Rosendahl) Nickrent, Phytoneuron. 2012-51: 10. 2012.
Hemlock dwarf mistletoe Hemlock dwarf mistletoe
Razoumofskya tsugensis Rosendahl, Minnesota Bot. Stud. 3: 272, plates 27, 28. 1903; Arceuthobium tsugense (Rosendahl) G. N. Jones; A. tsugense subsp. amabilae Mathiasen & C. M. Daugherty; A. tsugense subsp. contortae Wass & Mathiasen; A. tsugense subsp. mertensianae Hawksworth & Nickrent
Stems yellow, green, olive green, or purple, 5–7(–13) cm; third internode 4–9.2(–16) × 1–1.5(–2) mm, dominant shoot 1.5–4 mm diam. at base. Staminate flowers 2.8 mm diam.; petals 3 or 4. Fruits 3 × 3 mm.
Flowering Jul–Sep(–Oct); fruiting (Aug–)Sep–Nov. Coniferous forests; 0–2500 m; B.C.; Alaska, Calif., Idaho, Oreg., Wash.
Meiosis occurs in July, with fruits maturing 12 to 13 months after pollination.
Subspecies tsugense has the broadest host range among all subspecies of Arceuthobium campylopodum. F. G. Hawksworth and D. Wiens (1996) considered subsp. tsugense to be a distinct species with two subspecies, subspp. tsugense and mertensianae. Two additional subspecies have been named: subsp. amabilae and subsp. contortae. Although the authors of these subspecies presented evidence of quantitative character variation and differences in phenology and host preferences, all variants are here considered host races of subsp. tsugense (and could be treated taxonomically as forms if so desired). The principal hosts of subsp. tsugense are Abies amabilis, A. lasiocarpa, A. procera, Pinus contorta, Tsuga heterophylla, and T. mertensiana. Secondary to rare hosts include Abies grandis, Picea breweriana, Picea engelmannii, Picea sitchensis, Pinus albicaulis, Pinus monticola, and Pseudotsuga mertensiana.