14. Cornus occidentalis (Torrey & A. Gray) Coville, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 4: 117. 1893.
Creek dogwood Creek dogwood
Cornus sericea Linnaeus var. occidentalis Torrey & A. Gray, Fl. N. Amer. 1: 652. 1840; C. alba Linnaeus var. occidentalis (Torrey & A. Gray) B. Boivin; C. californica C. A. Meyer; C. californica var. pubescens J. F. Macbride; C. sericea subsp. occidentalis (Torrey & A. Gray) Fosberg
Shrubs, to 3 m, flowering at 1 m; rhizomes absent. Stems clustered; bark green to maroon or reddish brown, not corky, loosely verrucose; branchlets red, reddish brown, maroon, or green, mostly erect-hairy when young; lenticels protruding on 2d year branches, area surrounding them not suffused with purple on older branches; pith white. Leaves: petiole 10–20 mm; blade ovate, 5–12 × 2–6 cm, base cuneate to rounded, apex slightly acuminate, abaxial surface white, hairs erect, especially dense near midvein, tufts of erect hairs present in axils of secondary veins, vein hairs brown, appressed, adaxial surface green, hairs appressed; secondary veins 6–7 per side, most arising from proximal 1/2, tertiary veins not prominent. Inflorescences flat-topped, 3–6 cm diam., peduncle 20–40 mm; branches and pedicels maroon. Flowers: hypanthium densely erect-hairy; sepals 0.3–0.7 mm; petals white, 3.5–4 mm. Drupes white, globose, 8 mm diam.; stone oblate-ellipsoid, 4–5 × 5–7 mm, with 3 ridges on each face, furrowed laterally, apex pointed.
Flowering May–Jun and Sep–Oct; fruiting Aug–Oct. Wet meadows, bogs, marshes, stream banks, lake shores, river banks; 0–2000 m; B.C.; Alaska, Calif., Idaho, Mont., Nev., Oreg., Wash.
F. R. Fosberg (1942) and H. W. Rickett (1944b) examined variation within the Cornus sericea complex in North America. Fosberg regarded the whole complex as a single species, stating that the differences in indumentum were not sufficient to distinguish two taxa. In contrast, Rickett concluded that there were two species, C. occidentalis and C. sericea, and that treatment is followed here.
The illegitimate name Cornus pubescens Nuttall has sometimes been used for this species.