10. Croton elliottii Chapman, Fl. South. U.S. 407. 1860.
Elliott’s or pondshore croton Elliott’s or pondshore croton
Herbs, annual, 3–8 dm, monoecious. Stems usually single from base, then well branched from first reproductive node, appressed stellate-hairy. Leaves sometimes clustered near inflorescences; stipules absent; petiole 0.5–2 cm, glands absent at apex; blade lanceolate to oblong, 2–5.5 × 0.2–0.8 cm, base rounded, margins entire, apex subacute, abaxial surface pale green, not appearing brown-dotted, no stellate hairs with brown centers, densely long stellate-hairy, adaxial surface darker green, less densely short stellate-hairy. Inflorescences bisexual, congested racemes, 0.8–1.5 cm, staminate flowers 5–15, pistillate flowers 3–6. Pedicels: staminate 0.4–0.9 mm, pistillate 0–0.8 mm. Staminate flowers: sepals 5, 0.8–1 mm, abaxial surface stellate-hairy; petals 5, linear-oblong to lanceolate, 0.8–1 mm, abaxial surface glabrous; stamens 7–10. Pistillate flowers: sepals 6–7, equal, 5–6 mm, margins entire, apex incurved, abaxial surface stellate-hairy; petals 0; ovary 3-locular; styles 3, 2–3 mm, 2 times 2-fid, terminal segments 12. Capsules 4–5 mm diam., smooth; columella slightly 3-winged distally. Seeds 4–4.5 × 3–4 mm, shiny.
Flowering Jul–Sep. Depression ponds, depression meadows, clay-based Carolina bays, usually on exposed pond edges or bottoms; 0–100 m; Ala., Fla., Ga., S.C.
Croton elliottii is most closely related to C. capitatus.