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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 10 | Onagraceae | Epilobium

36. Epilobium leptocarpum Haussknecht, Monogr. Epilobium. 258, plate 14, fig. 67. 1884.

Slenderfruit willowherb

Epilobium paddoense H. Léveillé

Herbs with numerous small, (3–5 × 2–3 mm), fleshy, sessile turions at or just below ground level, often also with bulblets in proximal to mid cauline leaf axils. Stems erect or ascending, often clumped, often flushed red, terete, 8–30 cm, simple or branched, glabrous proximal to inflorescence except for elevated strigillose lines decurrent from margins of petiole, strigillose throughout distally. Leaves opposite proximal to inflorescence, alternate distally, petiole broad, 3–5 mm proximally to subsessile distally; blade lanceolate or elliptic to narrowly lanceolate distally, 0.8–4 × 0.4–1.3 cm, base attenuate to cuneate, margins subentire to denticulate distally, 5–9 teeth per side, veins 3 or 4 per side, apex obtuse to distally acute, surfaces glabrous with sparsely strigillose margins and abaxial midrib; bracts reduced and narrower. Inflorescences nodding to suberect, racemes, strigillose. Flowers erect; buds 2–4 × 1.5–2.5 mm; pedicel 7–12 mm; floral tube 1–2 × 1–2 mm, with ring of spreading hairs at mouth inside; sepals green, narrowly lanceolate, 3–4 × 0.8–1.2 mm; petals white fading to pink, 4–6.5 × 2.3–4 mm, apical notch 0.8–1.6 mm; filaments white, those of longer stamens 2.2–3 mm, those of shorter ones 1.2–1.6 mm; anthers 0.4–0.8 × 0.4–0.6 mm; ovary 12–18 mm, densely strigillose; style white, 3.2–4 mm, stigma cream, broadly clavate, 0.6–1.5 × 0.6–1.2 mm, surrounded by at least longer anthers. Capsules often reddish green, 25–55 mm, thin, surfaces sparsely strigillose; pedicel 15–38 mm. Seeds subfusiform, 0.8–1.2 × 0.3–0.4 mm, chalazal collar inconspicuous, 0.02–0.06 mm, light brown, surface papillose; coma persistent, tawny, 3–6 mm. 2n = 36.

Flowering Jun–Aug. Boreal/montane moist meadows, stream banks, moist bluffs, sun to part shade, gravelly or sandy soils, mossy ground; 0–2400 m; Alta., B.C.; Alaska, Idaho, Mont., Oreg., Wash.

Epilobium leptocarpum often occurs sympatrically with other species of the Alpinae alliance within its Pacific Northwest range, and shares with them the CC chromosomal arrangement. However, it has small compact basal turions and, almost uniquely in Epilobium, bulblets in the leaf axils. The only other species with bulblets is E. fauriei H. Léveillé, an endemic in Japan that has strikingly similar overall morphology to that E. leptocarpum, and shares with it the CC chromosome arrangement.


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