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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 10 | Onagraceae | Oenothera

8. Oenothera hartwegii Bentham, Pl. Hartw. 5. 1839. (as hartwegi).

Calylophus hartwegii (Bentham) P. H. Raven; Galpinsia hartwegii (Bentham) Britton; Salpingia hartwegii (Bentham) Raimann

Herbs perennial, sometimes suff­rutescent, strigillose, glan­dular puberulent, glabrous, hirtellous, or short-pilose; from a stout taproot. Stems 1–many, erect to ascending, unbranched to densely branched, 4–60 cm. Leaves 0.3–6.5 × 0.04–1.2 cm, sometimes fascicles of small leaves 0.1–1.5 cm present in non-flowering axils; petiole 0–0.2 cm; blade elliptic, lanceolate, linear, or filiform to ovate or oblanceolate, usually not much reduced distally, proximalmost leaves sometimes obovate to spatulate, base attenuate to obtuse, truncate, or subcordate, sometimes clasping, margins entire or serrate, often undulate, apex acute. Flowers usually 1 per stem opening per day in afternoon or near sunset; buds with free tips 0.5–6 mm; floral tube 16–50(–60) mm, funnelform in distal 1/2 or less; sepals 7–28 mm; petals yellow, fading pale pinkish or pale purple, 10–35 mm; filaments 4–13 mm, anthers 5–13 mm, pollen 85–100% fertile; style 25–65(–75) mm, stigma yellow, quadrangular, usually exserted beyond anthers. Capsules 6–40 × 2–4 mm, hard, promptly dehiscent throughout their length. Seeds obovoid, 1–2.5 mm. 2n = 14, 28.

Subspecies 5 (5 in the flora): sw, c United States, n Mexico.

Oenothera hartwegii consists of five intergrading subspecies, which are generally locally common on rocky, sandy, gypsum, or limestone soil in arid to relatively mesic open areas, in southeastern Colorado, southwestern Kansas, western Oklahoma, Texas (except eastern part), New Mexico, southeastern and east-central Arizona, and in Mexico from Chihuahua, northern Coahuila, and northwestern Tamaulipas south to Aguascalientes. H. F. Towner (1977) found that O. hartwegii is self-incompatible and usually vespertine; two of the subspecies (filifolia and maccartii) open early in the afternoon and are pollinated both day and evening.

1 Leaves (except proximalmost): blade base truncate or subcordate and clasping; plants densely pubescent with mixture of hair types, but always short-pilose and usually also hirtellous, sometimes also strigillose, especially on leaves, or glandular puberulent distally   8e Oenothera hartwegii subsp. pubescens
+ Leaves: blade base attenuate or obtuse; plants glabrous, sparsely strigillose, or glandular puberulent.   (2)
2 (1) Plants usually glabrous throughout, sometimes glandular puberulent on distal parts, especially on ovary   8d Oenothera hartwegii subsp. fendleri
+ Plants strigillose and/or glandular puberulent, especially on distal parts.   (3)
3 (2) Plants glandular puberulent throughout, more densely so on distal parts, sometimes also sparsely strigillose on ovary and leaves; leaf blades filiform to narrowly lanceolate   8c Oenothera hartwegii subsp. filifolia
+ Plants usually strigillose, rarely glandular puberulent; leaf blade narrowly lanceolate to oblanceolate, sometimes linear.   (4)
4 (3) Leaf blades narrowly lanceolate, sometimes linear, margins entire or shallowly and sparsely serrulate, sometimes undulate; plants sparsely to densely strigillose throughout   8a Oenothera hartwegii subsp. hartwegii
+ Leaf blades usually narrowly lanceolate to lanceolate or oblanceolate, rarely linear, margins subentire or serrulate, usually crinkled-undulate; plants usually sparsely strigillose, sometimes glandular puberulent   8b Oenothera hartwegii subsp. maccartii

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