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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 14 | Solanaceae | Lycium

10. Lycium berlandieri Dunal in A. P. de Candolle and A. L. P. P. de Candolle, Prodr. 13(1): 520. 1852.

Berlandier’s wolfberry

Lycium berlandieri var. longistylum C. L. Hitchcock; L. berlandieri var. parviflorum (A. Gray) A. Terracciano; L. berlandieri var. peninsulare (Brandegee) C. L. Hitchcock

Shrubs erect, 0.7–2.5 m; bark tan to gray to reddish or almost black; stems glabrous or pubescent. Leaves: blade linear to spatulate, 1.5–15 × 1–4.5 mm, surfaces glabrous. Inflorescences 2–3-flowered fascicles or solitary flowers. Pedicels 3–20 mm. Flowers 4–5-merous; calyx cupulate, 1–3 mm, lobe lengths 0.3 times tube; corolla white to pale lavender, tubular to funnelform, 4–9 mm, lobe lengths 0.17–0.3 times tube; stamens included to exserted. Berries orange to red, globose, 5 mm, fleshy. Seeds 50+. 2n = 24.

Flowering Jul–Sep. Desert washes, rocky slopes, flats (Sonoran and Chihuahuan deserts); 300–900 m; Ariz., N.Mex., Okla., Tex.; Mexico (Baja California Sur, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Hidalgo, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosí, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas).

Within the flora area, Lycium berlandieri occurs in Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas; it has been reported from western Oklahoma (Harmon and Jackson counties).


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