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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 23 | Cyperaceae | Carex

26ii. CAREX Linnaeus sect. POROCYSTIS Dumortier, Fl. Belg. 147. 1827.

Carex sect. Virescentes (Kunth) Mackenzie

Peter W. Ball

Plants cespitose, short-rhizomatous. Culms red-brown at base, rough distally. Leaves: basal sheaths fibrous; sheath fronts membranous; blades V-shaped in cross section when young, not more than 8 mm wide, usually pubescent, at least at junction of blade and sheath, sometimes very sparsely. Inflorescences racemose, spikes 2–6; proximal nonbasal bracts filiform or leaflike, sheathless; lateral spikes pistillate, with not more than 40(–50) perigynia, pedunculate, prophyllate; terminal spike gynecandrous or staminate. Proximal pistillate scales with apex obtuse to acuminate or awned, glabrous, sometimes margins ciliate. Perigynia spreading, abaxial face veined, adaxial face veined or veinless, with 2, strong, marginal veins, sometimes stipitate, sometimes inflated, elliptic to broadly obovate, rounded-trigonous to round in cross section, 1.7–4 mm, base rounded or tapering, apex rounded or tapering, beakless or, rarely, beaked, glabrous or pubescent; beak 0.2–0.5(–1) mm, orifice entire or subentire. Stigmas 3. Achenes trigonous, almost as large as bodies of perigynia; style deciduous.

Species 10 (8 in the flora): temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, Central America, and South America.

1 Terminal spike staminate or, rarely, gynecandrous, then not more than 1/4 of flowers pistillate.   (2)
+ Terminal spike gynecandrous, at least 1/3 of flowers pistillate.   (3)
2 (1) Perigynia 1–1.5 mm wide; beak absent; pistillate scales ovate, 2 times as long as wide.   343 Carex pallescens
+ Perigynia 1.5–2.2 mm wide; beak 0.2–0.5(–1) mm; pistillate scales ovate-circular, not more than 1.5 times as long as wide.   344 Carex torreyi
3 (1) Perigynia densely pilose; widest lateral spikes 2–4 mm wide; ligules longer than wide.   (4)
+ Perigynia usually glabrous or pubescent, sometimes sparsely pilose; widest lateral spikes (3.5–)4–11 mm wide; ligules usually not longer than wide.   (5)
4 (3) Terminal spike (5–)11–20 mm; anthers 0.7–1.3(–1.6) mm.   337 Carex swanii
+ Terminal spike 20–35(–40) mm; anthers (1–)1.6–2(–2.8) mm.   338 Carex virescens
5 (3) Pistillate scales awned to 0.5–2 mm; perigynia papillose, pubescent.   342 Carex bushii
+ Pistillate scales awnless or awned to 0.5(–1) mm; perigynia not papillose, glabrous or sparsely pilose.   (6)
6 (5) Mature perigynia nearly circular in cross section, spreading.   341 Carex caroliniana
+ Mature perigynia ± trigonous in cross section, ascending.   (7)
7 (6) Leaf blades pilose on both surfaces.   339 Carex hirsutella
+ Leaf blades glabrescent, at least abaxially, sometimes persistently pilose proximally.   340 Carex complanata

Lower Taxa


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