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Flora of Taiwan | Family List | Orchidaceae

Hippeophyllum Schltr.


Small epiphytes with long creeping rhizomes. Stems arising from rhizome at intervals, usually short and obscure, mostly enclosed by leaf sheaths. Leaves few, nearly distichous, fleshy, laterally compressed, articulated with sheaths or not, sheaths broadly flattened, overlapping. Inflorescence terminal, usually longer than leaves, with numerous minute flowers in cylindrical spike or raceme. Flowers usually not resupinate; sepals subequal, reflexed; petals usually narrower than sepals, reflexed; lip sessile, concave, 3-lobed, or 2-lobed at apex, sometimes with small basal auricles embracing column; column short and stout; anther terminal or nearly dorsal, incumbent or suberect, 2-celled; pollinia 4, in 2 pairs, waxy, without caudicles and distinct viscidium; stigma entire. Capsules obovoid or ellipsoid.

About 7 species, China and the Philippines southward to Sumatra, the Malay Peninsula and Papua New Guinea. Two species in Taiwan.


1 Rhizomes remotely covered by loose scales; rachis slender, not dilated; lip with 2 slender lobules at apex   Hippeophyllum pumilum
+ Rhizomes nearly completely covered by tubular sheaths; rachis distinctly dilated in middle; lip 3-lobed from base, middle lobe 2-lobulate at apex   Hippeophyllum seidenfadenii

Lower Taxa

Related Synonym(s):


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