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Flora of Taiwan | Family List | Orchidaceae

Staurochilus Ridl. ex Pfitz.


Large epiphytes. Stem erect or climbing, nodes many. Leaves distichous, lorate, coriaceous, apex often 2-lobed, base articulated with sheath. Racemes lateral, opposite a leaf, simple or often branched. Flowers many, loosely spaced, perianth widely spreading; sepals with narrow base, lateral ones often oblique, petals narrower, often falcate; lip adnate to base of column, fleshy, short spurred, 3-lobed, lateral lobes short, erect, midlobe thick and fleshy, +/- 3-lobulate, spur conic, with a tongue-like appendage arising from back wall and blocking entrance; column short, with 2 erect stylids at apex, without foot; anther terminal, operculate; pollinia 2, waxy, unequally divided, with spatulate stipe and elliptic visicidium; stigma entire, concave; rostellum slightly protruding, bifid.

About 7 species, from the Ryukyus to the Philippines and Malaysia. One species in Taiwan.

Lower Taxon

Related Synonym(s):


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