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Flora of Taiwan | Family List | Orchidaceae | Tropidia

Tropidia curculigoides Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orch. 497. 1840; Liu & Su, Quart. J. Taiwan Mus. 28: 217. 1975; Fl. Taiwan 5: 1122, pl. 1649. 1978.


Stems to 70 cm tall, 3-4 mm in diam., internodes 3-4 cm long. Leaves many, +/- distichous, narrowly lanceolate-oblong, 15-25 cm long, 3-4 cm wide, apex acuminate, base cuneate, slightly plicate, with 3-4 veins on each side, veinlets to 20. Spikes terminal and lateral, sessile; bracts ovate, 2-3 mm long, lower ones smaller and sterile. Flowers several, crowded, glabrous, whitish; sepals lanceolate, 6-8 mm long, dorsal sepal free, lateral sepal connate 1/4-1/5 their length at base, apex recurved; petals obliquely ovate-lanceolate, recurved; lip ventricose, 6-7 mm long, saccate at base, apex recurved, disc with 2 thin lateral lamellae; column stout; anther broadly ovate, 2.2-2.4 mm long; pollinia equally or unequally cleft, stipe irregularly toothed on upper margin; stigma near apex of column; rostellum triangular lanceolate.

TAIPEI: Pinshi, Leou 4160; Wulai, Su 1507. ILAN: Suawu , Masamune s. n. 27 Apr 1938. HSINCHU: Shitoushan, Leou 3357. PINGTUNG: Souka, Leou 4086; Kengting, Leou 3794.

India, Thailand, Sikkim, the Himalaya, and southern China, southward to Malaysia and Java. Taiwan, broadleaved forests in the northern and southern mountains.


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