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Russian Ornamental | Family List | Iridaceae

Gladiolus L.

Corn flag, gladiolus, sword lily


About 180-300 species, depending on classification, mostly in Africa. 10 species are mentioned in the Checklist of the flora of the FSU. Some of them are known in horticulture and are of wide distribution. Thus G. italicus Mill. occurs in the Crimea, the Caucasus, the southern regions of Central Asia (Pamiro Alay, Badkhiz, Kopet-Dag) and also in the Mediterranean, Asia Minor and Iran. This species is known in cultivation under the name G. segetum Ker-Gawl. and also as G. turkmenorum Czerniak. Two species are of European distribution: G. imbricatus L. and G. palustris Gaudin; both grow in the European part of the FSU, in its western regions. Most species occur in the Caucasus (7), and some are endemics (e.g. G. caucasicus Herb., G. dzhavakheticus Eristavi). All species are of horticultural interest, being very attractive and of importance for hybridization.

The following are also of horticultural interest:

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