Helleborus abchasicus A. Braun
[(H. polychromus Kolak. p.p., H. orientalis auct. p.p.)]
Evergreen shortly rhizomatous plant. Leaves coriaceous, palmatisect, frequently light violet. Shoots bear 2-4 nodding reddish flowers. Petal-like sepals (perianth) dark-red, nectary glands (modified petals) funnel-shaped. V - new leaves develop April, a second generation in autumn. Fl - April-May. Fr - July. P - by division of rhizome and by seed, sown fresh in autumn or the next year after stratification. Mature plants dislike transplanting. Winter-resistant in St. Petersburg, sometimes suffers during spring frost. A semishaded site with moist soil is preferable. Recommended for solitary or group planting. Z 6 (5, 4).
Caucasus (southwestern regions). On forest margins.
There are many forms of H. abchasicus in nature which differ in the colour of the flowers. They include: