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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 18 | Scrophulariaceae

14. Adenosma R. Brown, Prodr. 442. 1810.

毛麝香属 mao she xiang shu

Herbs, erect or creeping, blackened when dry, villous with eglandular hairs, some with glandular hairs, frequently aromatic. Leaves opposite; leaf blade glandular punctate, margin serrate. Flowers short pedicellate or sessile, in racemes, spikes, or heads, sometimes solitary in axils of apical leaves. Bracteoles 2. Calyx deeply 5-lobed; upper lobe usually large. Corolla tubular; limb 2-lipped; lower lip spreading flat, 3(or 4)-lobed; upper lip erect, emarginate or entire. Stamens 4, didynamous, included; anther locules separate, short stipitate. Style entire or 2-lobed, apex dilated. Capsule ovoid to ellipsoid, septifragal, 4-valved, apex beaked. Seeds numerous, minute; seed coat reticulate.

About 15 species: S and SE Asia, China, Pacific Islands; four species in China.

1 Flowers many, in globose or cylindric spikes   1 Adenosma indianum
+ Flowers solitary in leaf axils, or in terminal racemes.   (2)
2 (1) Stems decumbent or creeping   2 Adenosma javanicum
+ Stems erect, sometimes basally slightly curved to decumbent.   (3)
3 (2) Plants 30-100 cm tall; corolla 9-28 mm, upper lip lobes entire or emarginate   3 Adenosma glutinosum
+ Plants 3-35 cm tall; corolla ca. 4.5 mm, upper lip lobes deeply emarginate or notched   4 Adenosma retusilobum

Lower Taxa


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