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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 12 | Vitaceae

7. Ampelocissus Planchon, Vigne Amér. Vitic. Eur. 8: 371. 1884.

酸蔹藤属 suan lian teng shu

Authors: Hui Ren & Jun Wen

Botria Loureiro.

Climbers, woody or herblike, hermaphroditic or polygamo-dioecious. Tendrils unbranched or bifurcate. Leaves simple or compound. Inflorescence a panicle, compound dichasium, or thyrse, leaf-opposed and tendril-bearing. Petals 4 or 5, spreading, free. Stamens 4 or 5. Disk well developed, angular, adnate to ovary, often 5-10-grooved. Style usually short and conical, with ca. 10 ridges; stigma inconspicuously expanded. Berry spheroid or elliptic, 1-4-seeded. Seeds obovoid, suborbicular, or elliptic-oblong, raphe linear, chalazal knot somewhat spatulate in shallow depression; endosperm T-shaped in cross-section. 2n = 40.

About 90 species: tropical Africa, Asia, Central America, and Oceania; five species (two endemic) in China.

1 Leaves 3-foliolate   (2)
+ Leaves simple   (3)
2 (1) Leaflets abaxially densely white woolly, chalazal knot rounded or broadly elliptic.   4 A. artemisiifolia
+ Leaflets abaxially pilose, chalazal knot narrowly elliptic.   5 A. butoensis
3 (1) Branchlets and petioles tomentose and with purple bristles.   3 A. hoabinhensis
+ Branchlets and petioles glabrous or tomentose, but not hispid   (4)
4 (3) Leaves cordate-oval, glabrous.   1 A. sikkimensis
+ Leaves broadly ovate, adaxially densely pubescent, abaxially pilose, with woolly hairs on veins.   2 A. xizangensis

Lower Taxa


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