All Floras      Advanced Search
FOC Vol. 13 Page 293 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 13 | Lecythidaceae

1. Barringtonia J. R. Forster & G. Forster, Char. Gen. Pl. 38. 1775.

玉蕊属 yu rui shu

Huttum Adanson.

Trees or shrubs. Stipules small, caducous. Leaf blade entire or serrate-crenate at margin. Inflorescences terminal or lateral, erect or pendulous racemes or spikes; bracts and bracteoles sessile, small, caducous. Receptacle obconic, 4-angled or 4-winged. Calyx of 4 or 5 persistent, imbricate lobes inserted on rim of receptacle, or breaking at anthesis into 2-5 persistent pseudo-lobes, or circumscissile leaving a cup-shaped rim. Petals (3 or)4(or 6), basally adhering to staminal tube. Stamens many in 3-8 whorls, shortly connate, innermost 1-3 whorls shorter and sterile. Ovary 2-4-loculed; ovules 2-8 per locule; style exceeding stamens. Fruit sometimes angled or winged, with fleshy-fibrous exocarp and woody-fibrous endocarp. Seed 1, large; embryo fusiform, with spiral scales toward apex; cotyledons absent, hypocotyl erect, thick.

About 56 species: E Africa to Australia, mainly in Asia; three species (one endemic) in China.

1 Leaf blade apically obtuse or broadly rounded; racemes mostly terminal, erect, 5-15 cm; fruit broadly pyramidal; calyx lobes 3-4 cm.   1 B. asiatica
+ Leaf blade apically acute or acuminate; racemes or spikes terminal, or axillary on old branches, pendulous, 20-80(-100) cm; fruit ovoid-cylindric or fusiform; calyx lobes 0.7-1.3 cm   (2)
2 (1) Flowers pedicellate, pedicel to 25 mm; fruit ovoid-cylindric.   2 B. racemosa
+ Flowers sessile; fruit fusiform.   3 B. fusicarpa

Lower Taxa


Related Objects  
  • Barringtonia.pdf
  • PDF

    Flora of China @
    Browse by
    Advanced Search

    Flora of China Home




     |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |