All Floras      Advanced Search
FOC Vol. 16 Page 146 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 16 | Apocynaceae

1. Carissa Linnaeus, Mant. Pl. 1: 52. 1767.
[nom. cons.]

假虎刺属 jia hu ci shu

Shrubs, climbers, or small trees, mostly spiny. Branches dichotomous. Leaves opposite; petiole 2-3 mm. Cymes terminal or axillary, dichotomous, pedunculate, usually many flowered. Flowers 5- [or 4]-merous. Calyx without glands or rarely with many basal glands inside. Corolla salverform, tube cylindric, dilated at staminal insertion, lobes overlapping to left or to right. Stamens included in throat; anthers lanceolate, obtuse or apiculate, base not appendaged; disc absent. Ovary 2-loculed; ovules 1-4 in each locule, rarely numerous, biseriate. Style filiform; pistil head narrowly oblong or fusiform, apex shortly 2-cleft. Berries 1- or 2-loculed. Seeds 2 or more, peltate; endosperm fleshy; cotyledons ovate, radicle inferior.

About 30 species: tropics and subtropics of Africa, Asia, and Australia; four species in China.

1 Corolla lobes overlapping to left, as long as or longer than tube   1 Carissa macrocarpa
+ Corolla lobes overlapping to right, shorter than tube.   (2)
2 (1) Lateral veins of leaf blade ca. 8 pairs; corolla puberulent inside; fruit ellipsoid, 1.5-2.5 1-2 cm   4 Carissa carandas
+ Lateral veins of leaf blade 3-5 pairs; corolla glabrous or pubescent inside; fruit globose, 0.5-1.2 cm in diam.   (3)
3 (2) Secondary veins conspicuous on adaxial leaf surface; branches and abaxial leaf surface puberulent   3 Carissa spinarum
+ Secondary veins of leaf blade inconspicuous; branchlets and leaves glabrous in plants introduced into China   2 Carissa edulis

Lower Taxa


Related Objects  
  • PDF File
  • PDF

    Flora of China @
    Browse by
    Advanced Search

    Flora of China Home




     |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |