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78. Conioselinum Fischer ex Hoffmann, Gen. Pl. Umbell. xxxiii, 180. 1814.

山芎属 shan xiong shu

Pan Zehui (潘泽惠); Mark F. Watson

Herbs, perennial. Stem hollow, ribbed, base without fibrous remnant sheaths. Leaves petiolate, base sheathing; blade 2–3-pinnatisect or 2–3-ternate-pinnatisect. Umbels compound, terminal and lateral; bracts absent or few; bracteoles numerous, linear. Calyx teeth obsolete. Petals white, ovate or obovate, apex incurved. Stylopodium low-conic to conic. Fruit oblong to ovoid, dorsally compressed, glabrous; dorsal ribs prominent, lateral ribs broad membranous-winged; vittae 1–3 in each furrow, 2–9 on commissure. Seed face plane or slightly concave. Carpophore 2-cleft to base.

About 12 species: E Asia, C Europe, North America; three species (one endemic) in China.

1 Bracts absent; rays smooth (Xinjiang).   2 Conioselinum vaginatum
+ Bracts 1–5, linear to lanceolate; rays scabrous or pubescent.   (2)
2 (1) Rays 10–13, slightly scabrous; vittae 1 in each furrow, 4 on commissure (SE China).   1 Conioselinum chinense
+ Rays 8–10, pubescent; vittae 4 or 5 in each furrow, 8–9 on commissure (Taiwan).   3 Conioselinum morrisonense

Lower Taxa


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