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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 10 | Fabaceae

26. Entada Adanson, Fam. Pl. 2: 318, 554. 1763.

榼藤属 ke teng shu

Climbers, woody, or scandent shrubs, large, usually unarmed. Leaves bipinnate; stipules small, setaceous; petiolar gland absent; terminal pair of pinnae sometimes transformed into a tendril; leaflets opposite, 1 to many pairs. Spikes axillary or supra-axillary, slender, solitary or arranged in a racemelike panicle. Flowers bisexual or polygamous, 5-merous, sessile. Calyx campanulate, shortly dentate. Petals free or slightly united at base. Stamens 10, shortly connate at base and adnate to petals, much exserted; anthers with a deciduous gland at apex; filaments filiform. Ovary subsessile; ovules numerous; style filiform; stigma minute. Legume straight or curved to spirally twisted, plano-compressed, large and long, leathery or woody; valves splitting transversely at maturity into 1-seeded segments; segments falling away from suture, which persists as an empty frame. Seeds globose to orbicular, large; testa brown, thick, without pleurogram (in Asia).

About 30 species: mainly in tropical Africa and the Americas; three species in China.

Also see Ohashi, H., T. C. Huang & K. Ohashi. 2010. Entada (Leguminosae subfam. Mimosoideae) of Taiwan. Taiwania 55(1): 43-53.

1 Shrubs, trailing or scandent, with large fleshy tuber underground; leaflets 8-11 pairs per pinna, 1.1-1.9 × 0.4-0.8 cm.   1 E. parvifolia
+ Climbers, very large, without fleshy tuber; leaflets 1-5 pairs per pinna, 2.3-9 × 1.3-4.5 cm   (2)
2 (1) Leaflets 1 or 2 pairs per pinna; legume with a parchmentlike endocarp.   2 E. phaseoloides
+ Leaflets 3 or 4(or 5) pairs per pinna; legume with a woody endocarp.   3 E. rheedii

Lower Taxa


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