All Floras      Advanced Search
FOC Vol. 7 Page 262, 282 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 7 | Papaveraceae

6. Glaucium Miller, Gard. Dict. Abr., ed. 4. 1754.

海罂粟属 hai ying su shu

Authors: Mingli Zhang & Christopher Grey-Wilson

Herbs, biennial or perennial, rarely annual, lactiferous. Taproot slender. Stems erect or ascending, terete, glabrous or villous. Basal leaves many, petiolate; leaf blade usually pinnatifid; lobes ampliate to sheath at base, serrate or crenate at margin. Cauline leaves alternate, sessile, cordate-amplexicaul at base, incised or undulate at margin. Flowers solitary, terminal or axillary, usually long pedunculate, large. Sepals 2, caducous, glabrous or villous. Petals 4, convolute in bud, yellow, orange, or red. Stamens numerous. Ovary terete or linear, 2-carpellate, placentas 2-pseudo-loculed from cellular spongy septum connecting placentas; stigmas 2-divided, almost sessile. Capsule terete, slender, horned and often shortly tridentlike at apex, when mature divided into 2 narrow segments from apex to base or rarely from base to apex. Seeds many, ovoid-reniform, seed coat alveolate, not carunculate.

Twenty-one to 25 species: mainly in temperate Europe, the Mediterranean region, also in C to SW Asia; three species in China.

1 Herbs annual; stems dichotomously branched; basal leaves obovate-oblong, pinnatilobate; carpopodium 0.5-1 cm; petals orange, reddish basally.   1 G. elegans
+ Herbs annual, biennial, or perennial; stems simple; basal leaves narrowly oblanceolate, pinnatipartite; carpopodium very long; petals golden, yellow, or orange   (2)
2 (1) Herbs annual; flower buds fusiform, smooth; petals yellow or orange, blotched; capsules dehiscing from apex to base; bracts with thick teeth.   2 G. fimbrilligerum
+ Herbs biennial or perennial; flower buds oval, much lepidote-aculeate; petals golden, not blotched; capsules dehiscing from base to apex; bracts 3-5-pinnatipartite.   3 G. squamigerum

Lower Taxa


Related Objects  
  • Glaucium (PDF)
  • PDF

    Flora of China @
    Browse by
    Advanced Search

    Flora of China Home




     |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |