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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 18 | Scrophulariaceae

16. Lancea J. D. Hooker & Thomson, Hooker's J. Bot. Kew. Gard. Misc. 9: 244. 1857.

肉果草属 rou guo cao shu

Lancea tibetica

Credit: Harvard University Herbaria

Herbs, perennial, subglabrous. Rhizomes long, slender, with fibrous roots. Stems short. Leaves few, opposite, lower ones scalelike; petiole short, winged; leaf blade pinnately veined. Inflorescences terminal, short, few flowered. Calyx campanulate; lobes 5, subequal, as long as tube. Corolla 2-lipped; tube cylindric; lower lip large, spreading flat, with 2 plaits at base, 3-lobed, middle lobe entire or 2-lobed; upper lip 2-lobed or divided, erect or spreading flat, slightly arched. Stamens 4, didynamous; filaments glabrous or hairy; anther locules distinct, diverging. Ovary glabrous. Stigma fanlike or 2-lamellate. Fruit globose, berrylike, nearly fleshy, indehiscent. Seeds numerous; seed coat thin.

Two species: Bhutan, China, India, Mongolia, Sikkim; both species in China.

1 Stems and leaves glabrous; calyx leathery; corolla tube 0.8-1.3 cm, middle lobe of lower lip entire; stamens inserted near middle of corolla tube; filaments glabrous   1 Lancea tibetica
+ Stems and leaves hairy; calyx membranous; corolla tube more than 2 cm, middle lobe of lower lip 2-lobed; stamens inserted at throat; filaments pilose   2 Lancea hirsuta

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