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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 12 | Sapindaceae

17. Mischocarpus Blume, Bijdr. 238. 1825.

柄果木属 bing guo mu shu

Mischocodon Radlkofer; Pedicellia Loureiro.

Trees or shrubs, monoecious or dioecious. Leaves paripinnate, petiolate, estipulate; leaflets 1-5 pairs, with pellucid glands at lateral vein axils abaxially, entire. Thyrses axillary or fascicled near apex; bracts and bracteoles small. Flowers unisexual, actinomorphic. Calyx cupular, 5-lobed; sepals valvate. Petals 5 or sometimes only 1-3 imperfectly developed, rarely absent, scaly or hairy at base adaxially, rarely glabrous. Disk annular, sometimes lobed. Stamens (male flowers) 7-10, usually 8, exserted; filaments often hairy. Ovary (female flowers) shortly petiolate, obovoid, trigonous, 3(or 4)-loculed; ovules 1 per locule; style terminal, very short; stigmas 3, recurved. Capsules pear-shaped or clavate, ± trigonous, base or below middle part stalklike, loculicidal to 3 carpels, 1-3-loculed; pericarp leathery. Seeds 1 per locule; testa usually dark red, crustaceous, fully covered with fleshy and transparent arillode; embryo arched.

About 15 species: SE Asia, Australia; three species (one endemic) in China.

1 Capsules large, part bearing seed 1.4-1.5 cm wide; leaflets 3- or 4-jugate, elliptic or oblong-elliptic, reticulate veins conspicuously visible on both surfaces when dry; shrubs or trees ca. 2 m tall.   3 M. hainanensis
+ Capsules small, part bearing seed less than 1 cm wide; trees or shrubs 3-10 m tall   (2)
2 (1) Leaflets often 2-jugate, ovate or oblong-ovate; filaments and disk glabrous; leaflets shiny, smooth, reticulate veins invisible when dry adaxially; trees.   1 M. sundaicus
+ Leaflets often 3-5-jugate, rarely 2-jugate; filaments and disk hairy; leaflets dull on both surfaces, with visible reticulate veins on both surfaces; usually shrubs.   2 M. pentapetalus

Lower Taxa


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