9. Osmorhiza Rafinesque, Amer. Monthly Mag. & Crit. Rev. 4: 192. 1819, nom. cons.
香根芹属 xiang gen qin shu
She Menglan (佘孟兰 Sheh Meng-lan); Mark F. Watson
Uraspermum Nuttall, nom. rej.
Herbs perennial. Stem erect or decumbent at base, branched, glabrous or pubescent. Petiole sheath narrow, scarious; leaf blade triangular-ovate in outline, 2–3-ternate-pinnate (Chinese species); segments serrate to pinnatifid. Umbels loosely compound; peduncles terminal and lateral, usually exceeding the leaves; bracts few or absent; rays few, slender, unequal, lengthening and spreading in fruit; bracteoles several or occasionally absent, reflexed. Calyx teeth obsolete. Petals white, purple or greenish yellow, spatulate to obovate with a narrow inflexed apex. Stylopodium conic; styles slender, sometimes minute. Fruit (Chinese species) narrowly clavate, terete to slightly laterally flattened, apex obtuse, base caudate; ribs filiform, acute, with apically pointed bristles; vittae obscure or absent. Seed subterete in cross section, face concave. Carpophore bifid at apex, cleft up to 1/2 of its length.
About ten species: disjunct between E Asia and North America; one species in China.