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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 11 | Buxaceae

3. Pachysandra A. Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 177. 1803.

板凳果属 ban deng guo shu

Subshrubs, creeping or decumbent, or perennial herbs. Leaves alternate, petiolate, thinly leathery or papery, margin dentate in apical half, rarely entire, lateral veins 2 or 3 pairs, lowest triplinerved. Inflorescences terminal or axillary spikes, bracteate, androgynous; male flowers inserted in middle to apical part, female flowers in basal part, rarely both solitary in inflorescence. Flowers small, white or rose. Male flowers: tepals 4, divided into outer and inner series; stamens 4, opposite to tepals; filaments exserted, slightly compressed and broad; sterile pistil 1, 4-ribbed, apex truncate. Female flowers: tepals 4-6; ovary with 2 or 3 locules; styles 2 or 3, long; stigma decurrent to middle or middle-lower part of style; bracts and tepals ciliolate; interstylar nectaries or nectariferous tissue lacking. Fruit a drupe.

Three species: one in SE America, two in E Asia; two species (one endemic) in China.

1 Inflorescence terminal, 2-4 cm; leaf blade rhombic-obovate, base cuneate, glabrous abaxially; styles 2.   1 P. terminalis
+ Inflorescence axillary, 1-2 cm; leaf blade ovate-oblong, base rounded, truncate, or subcordate, pubescent or villous abaxially; styles 3.   2 P. axillaris

Lower Taxa


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