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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 11 | Peganaceae

1. Peganum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 444. 1753.

骆驼蓬属 luo tuo peng shu

Herbs, perennial. Leaves simple; leaf blade divided into irregular linear lobes. Flowers solitary, axillary or terminal. Sepals 5, divided into irregular linear lobes, persistent. Petals 5. Stamens 15; filaments broader near base. Styles apically 3-angulate. Capsule 3-locular. Seeds numerous.

Six species: N Africa, C and W Asia, S Europe, North America; three species (one endemic) in China.

Plants are bad tasting and often become invasive weeds in overgrazed areas. The seeds contain oils.

1 Plants hispid; whole plant 10-25 cm tall, erect or spreading.   3 P. nigellastrum
+ Plants glabrous or pubescent when young; plant or branches 30-80 cm tall or long, prostrate, spreading, or erect   (2)
2 (1) Plants erect or spreading, glabrous; leaf blade divided into 3-5 lobes, lobes 1.5-3 mm wide.   1 P. harmala
+ Plants prostrate, pubescent when young; leaf blade divided into more than 5 lobes, lobes 1-1.5 mm wide   2 P. multisectum

Lower Taxa


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