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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 19 | Acanthaceae

8. Phaulopsis Willdenow, Sp. Pl. 3: 4, 342. 1800.

肾苞草属 shen bao cao shu

Authors: Jia-qi Hu & Thomas F. Daniel

Aetheilema R. Brown; Micranthus J. C. Wendland; Theileamea Baillon.

Herbs, perennial [or annual], prostrate [to erect], with cystoliths, often anisophyllous. Leaves opposite, long petiolate; leaf blade margin entire or crenate. Inflorescences terminal [or axillary], secund strobilate spikes; bracts subleaflike, orbicular or reniform, imbricate; bracteoles [present or] absent. Flowers sessile. Calyx 5-lobed almost to base; lobes unequal, posterior one largest. Corolla small; tube cylindric, slender; limb ± 2-lipped, lower lip 3-lobed, upper lip 2-lobed; lobes contorted in bud. Stamens 4, didynamous, included in corolla tube; filaments coherent at base; anthers 2-thecous; thecae parallel, base minutely mucronate [or not mucronate]. Ovary with 2 ovules per locule; style hairy; stigma 2-lobed, lobes unequal. Capsule shortly stipitate, 4-seeded; retinacula present; septa with attached retinacula separating from inner wall of mature capsule. Seeds discoid, densely covered with hygroscopic trichomes.

Twenty-two species: tropical Africa, E, SE, and S Asia; one species in China.

Lower Taxon


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