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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 9 | Rosaceae

17. RHAPHIOLEPIS Lindley, Bot. Reg. 6: t. 468. 1820.

石斑木属 shi ban mu shu

Gu Cuizhi (Ku Tsue-chih); Stephen A. Spongberg

Opa Loureiro, nom. rej.

Shrubs or small trees, evergreen. Leaves simple, shortly petiolate, leathery, venation camptodromous, margin serrate or entire; stipules caducous, subulate. Inflorescences in terminal racemes or panicles. Hypanthium campanulate to tubular. Sepals 5, erect or reflexed. Petals 5, white or pink, base shortly clawed. Stamens 15–20. Ovary inferior, 2-loculed, with 2 erect ovules per locule; styles 2 or 3, connate at base. Pome drupe-like, purplish black or bluish, subglobose, succulent, with early caducous sepals leaving an annular ring; seeds 1 or 2, subglobose, large, seed coat thin, cotyledons thickened, plano-convex or semiglobose.

About 15 species: E Asia; seven species (three endemic) in China.

Rhaphiolepis jiulongjiangensis P. C. Huang & K. M. Li (J. Nanjing Inst. Forest. 13(4): 85. 1989), described from Fujian (Hua'an Xian), requires further study. We are unable to treat it in this account because we have seen no specimens.

1 Leaves abaxially, petiole, and pedicel densely rusty tomentose.   7 R. ferruginea
+ Leaves glabrous or only abaxially slightly tomentose or pubescent; inflorescence glabrous or pubescent.   (2)
2 (1) Leaf blade lanceolate, oblanceolate, or ovate-lanceolate.   (3)
+ Leaf blade ovate, obovate, elliptic, oblong, or oblong-lanceolate.   (4)
3 (2) Leaf blade lanceolate or oblanceolate, rarely obovate-oblong, apex acuminate or acute.   5 R. salicifolia
+ Leaf blade ovate-lanceolate, apex obtuse or shortly acuminate.   6 R. lanceolate
4 (2) Leaf margin remotely serrate.   (5)
+ Leaf margin entire or remotely crenate.   (6)
5 (4) Leaf blade ovate or oblong, rarely obovate or oblong-lanceolate, 2–8 cm; inflorescence tomentose or glabrous; fruit 5–8 mm in diam.   1 R. indica
+ Leaf blade narrowly elliptic to obovate-oblong, 7–15 cm; inflorescence tomentose; fruit 7–10 mm in diam.   2 R. major
6 (4) Branches spreading; leaf blade narrowly elliptic, ovate, or obovate; petiole 5–10 mm.   3 R. umbellata
+ Branches erect or ascending; leaf blade oblong, or oblong-obovate; petiole very short or nearly absent.   4 R. integerrima

  • List of lower taxa


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