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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 11 | Polygalaceae

4. Salomonia Loureiro, Fl. Cochinch. 1: 14. 1790.

齿果草属 chi guo cao shu

Herbs annual, erect. Stems and branches green. Roots aromatic. Leaves simple, alternate, petiolate or sessile; leaf blade green, elliptic, ovate, or ovate-lanceolate, membranous or papery, margin entire. Inflorescence spicate, terminal, bracts with a scarious margin, bracteoles absent. Flowers very small, zygomorphic. Sepals 5, persistent, nearly equal; inner 2 often slightly larger. Petals 3, usually pink-purple; keel cucullate, or arched, longer than lateral petals, without appendages. Stamens 4; filaments united, forming trough-shaped sheath, adnate with petals, open on upper side; anthers connate, dehiscent by an apical pore. Disk absent. Ovary compressed, 2-loculed; ovule 1 per locule, anatropous; style curved, thickened toward apex; stigma capitate. Capsule reniform, broadly orbicular, or obcordate, compressed, margin denticulate, dehiscent by abaxial suture, with 2 seeds dehiscent. Seeds black, shiny, ovoid, glabrous, with endosperm, not strophiolate.

About five species: tropical Asia, tropical Australia; two species in China.

1 Stem usually multibranched, winged; leaf blade ovate-cordate or suborbicular, base truncate to cordate, petiolate; surface of capsule with protruding reticulations, glabrous.   1 S. cantoniensis
+ Stem simple or branched, not winged; leaf blade elliptic or elliptic-lanceolate, base rounded to cuneate, sessile to minutely petiolate; surface of capsule without protruding reticulations, occasionally with minute hairs.   2 S. ciliata

Lower Taxa


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