All Floras      Advanced Search
FOC Vol. 25 Page 8, 15, 452 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 25 | Orchidaceae

156. Schoenorchis Blume, Bijdr. 361. 1825.

匙唇兰属 chi chun lan shu

Authors: Xinqi Chen & Jeffrey J. Wood

Herbs, epiphytic, monopodial, small. Stems pendulous or ascending, with condensed or elongated internodes, to 30 cm, sometimes branched, with several to many nodes. Leaves flat to subterete, fleshy, with sheathing base, blade jointed to sheath. Inflorescence axillary, racemose or paniculate, many flowered. Flowers usually not opening widely, white or red-purple, small, fleshy. Sepals similar, free, often dorsally carinate. Petals free, smaller than sepals; lip thickly fleshy, adnate to base of column, immovable, longer than petals, spurred at base, 3-lobed; lateral lobes erect; mid-lobe slightly larger, often spatulate; spur large, usually parallel to ovary, lacking interior calli. Column very short, stout, foot absent; stigma at base of column; anther and rostellum, pointed, geniculate; pollinia 4, appearing as 2 unequal masses, waxy, flat-globose or subglobose, attached by a common stipe to a narrowly elliptic to ovate viscidium.

About 24 species: from the Himalayan region, S India, and Sri Lanka to SE China and the Philippines, south to Indonesia and east to New Guinea, Australia, and the Pacific islands; three species in China.

1 Stems very short, inconspicuous; leaves 1-2 cm; inflorescence racemose.   1 S. tixieri
+ Stem 5-20 cm; leaves 4-13 cm; inflorescence paniculate   (2)
2 (1) Flowers purple-red except for mid-lobe of lip; leaves linear-terete, conduplicate.   2 S. gemmata
+ Flowers white; leaves linear-lanceolate, flat, not conduplicate.   3 S. vanoverberghii

Lower Taxa


Related Objects  
  • Schoenorchis.pdf
  • PDF

    Flora of China @
    Browse by
    Advanced Search

    Flora of China Home




     |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |