All Floras      Advanced Search
FOC Vol. 24 Page 151 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 24 | Liliaceae

23. Tricyrtis Wallich, Tent. Fl. Napal. 61. 1826.
[nom. cons.]

油点草属 you dian cao shu

Chen Xinqi (陈心启 Chen Sing-chi); Hiroshi Takahashi

Compsoa D. Don, nom. rej.

Herbs perennial, with short or sometimes long and creeping rhizomes. Stems usually erect or ascending, sometimes branched distally. Leaves cauline, alternate, subsessile, usually ± amplexicaul. Inflorescence a thyrse or thyrsoid, rarely a raceme. Flowers bisexual, solitary, showy. Perianth campanulate or trumpet-shaped. Tepals 6, free, white or yellow with purplish spots, usually recurved or reflexed distally, usually caducous; outer ones saccate or shortly spurred. Stamens 6, inserted at base of tepals; filaments slightly flattened, proximally connivent to form a short tube; anthers dorsifixed, versatile, extrorse. Ovary 3-loculed; ovules many per locule. Style columnar; stigmatic lobes 3, spreading, apically cleft. Fruit a capsule, broadly cylindric, 3-angled, septicidal. Seeds many, ovate to orbicular, flattened, small.

About 18 species: from the Himalayas to E Asia; nine species (six endemic) in China.

1 Flowers or inflorescences all axillary   7 Tricyrtis suzukii
+ Flowers or inflorescences terminal or sometimes also axillary.   (2)
2 (1) Ovary and capsule densely pubescent   4 Tricyrtis lasiocarpa
+ Ovary and capsule glabrous or subglabrous.   (3)
3 (2) Stems subglabrous.   (4)
+ Stems mostly pubescent; leaves not usually ovate, apex acute or acuminate.   (6)
4 (3) Flowers pale yellow with red-purple spots   9 Tricyrtis latifolia
+ Flowers white or greenish white with purple spots.   (5)
5 (4) Tepals spreading obliquely outward   5 Tricyrtis ovatifolia
+ Tepals spreading horizontally or at an angle of ca. 45°   8 Tricyrtis viridula
6 (3) Leaves (4--)6--10 cm wide, adaxially hispidulous, proximal leaves rounded or cordate at base.   (7)
+ Leaves 2.5--4(--5) cm wide, adaxially glabrescent, proximal leaves narrowed and subcuneate at base.   (8)
7 (6) Tepals reflexed at full anthesis   1 Tricyrtis macropoda
+ Tepals spreading horizontally or at an angle of ca. 45°   2 Tricyrtis pilosa
8 (6) Plants with creeping, long rhizomes; leaves elliptic   6 Tricyrtis stolonifera
+ Plants without creeping, long rhizomes; leaves oblanceolate to obovate   3 Tricyrtis formosana

  • List of lower taxa


    Related Objects  
  • PDF File
  • PDF

  • Flora of China @
    Browse by
    Advanced Search

    Flora of China Home




     |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |