8. Wahlenbergia Schrader ex Roth, Nov. Pl. Sp. 399. 1821.
蓝花参属 lan hua shen shu
Authors: Deyuan Hong & Thomas G. Lammers
Campanopsis (R. Brown) Kuntze; Campanula sect. Campanopsis R. Brown; Cephalostigma A. Candolle; Cervicina Delile.
Herbs, perennial or annual, rarely subshrubs or shrubs. Leaves cauline and often basally rosulate, alternate or rarely opposite, usually sessile. Flowers small to medium-sized, sessile or pedicellate, terminal or axillary, solitary or in thyrses, panicles, or fascicles. Calyx lobes typically 5. Corolla blue or white, campanulate or funnelform, lobed, cleft, or divided; segments typically 5. Stamens typically 5; filaments free and distinct, dilated into a triangular base, dilated part ciliate; anthers coherent. Ovary inferior, 2- or 3(-5)-locular; stigma 2- or 3(-5)-fid, segments linear. Capsule loculicidal at apex. Seeds numerous or few.
About 260 species: mainly in S Hemisphere, particularly S Africa, extending north to W Europe, E and S Asia, and N South America; two species in China.