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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 17 | Lamiaceae

61. Ziziphora Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 21. 1753.

新塔花属 xin ta hua shu

Plants annual or perennial, herbaceous or subshrubby. Leaves short petiolate or subsessile; leaf blade abaxially glandular. Verticillasters scattered in leaf axils or crowded in a terminal capitulum; floral leaves as large as stem leaves or reduced. Calyx narrowly cylindric, straight to slightly curved, 13-veined, villous annulate at throat, obscurely 2-lipped, upper lip 3-toothed, lower lip 2-toothed; teeth subequal, close together, rarely divergent following anthesis. Corolla limb 2-lipped; upper lip straight, margin entire, apex emarginate; lower lip spreading, 3-lobed, middle lobe narrower than suborbicular lateral lobes, apex emarginate. Anterior stamens fertile, reaching upper corolla lip, posterior stamens rudimentary, short, or absent; anther cells linear, 2 or only 1 developed, the other reduced to an appendage or absent. Style apex unequally 2-cleft, posterior lobe short. Nutlets ovoid, smooth.

About 25-30 species: Africa, Asia, Europe; four species in China.

1 Annual herbs; verticillasters mostly axillary, not crowded in a capitulum   4 Ziziphora tenuior
+ Perennial subshrubs; verticillasters crowded in a terminal capitulum.   (2)
2 (1) Calyx with dense short hairs less than 1/2 as long as calyx width   3 Ziziphora bungeana
+ Calyx with dense long hairs nearly as long as to longer than calyx width.   (3)
3 (2) Capitulum mostly semiglobose to subglobose, less than 2 cm in diam.; pedicels ca. 1.5 mm; calyx dark purple, densely hairy   2 Ziziphora tomentosa
+ Capitulum mostly globose, 1.2-2.8 cm in diam.; pedicels short; calyx green or purplish, sparsely hairy   1 Ziziphora pamiroalaica

Lower Taxa


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