5. Cystopteris montana (Lamarck) Bernhardi ex Desvaux in Schrader, Neues J. Bot. 1(2): 26. 1805.
高山冷蕨 gao shan leng jue
Polypodium montanum Lamarck, Fl. Franç. 1: 23. 1779; Aspidium montanum (Lamarck) Swartz; Athyrium montanum (Lamarck) Rohl ex Sprengel; Cyathea montana (Lamarck) J. Smith; Cyste montana (Lamarck) Dulac; Cystopteris allioni Newman; Filicula montana (Lamarck) Farwell; Filix montana (Lamarck) Underwood; Rhizomatopteris montana (Lamarck) A. P. Khokhrjakov.
Rhizomes long creeping, blackish brown, glabrate, with sparse brownish, ovate, membranous scales, more densely scaly at apex. Fronds distant; fertile fronds 20-49 cm; stipe blackish brown at lower part, upper part stramineous or pale chestnut-colored, (6-)14-31 cm, 1-3 × as long as lamina, with sparse brownish, ovate scales at base, upper part subglabrate with few scales; lamina 3- or 4-pinnate, rarely 4-pinnate-pinnatifid, subpentagonal, (5-)8-15(-20) cm long and wide, thinly herbaceous, apex acuminate; pinnae 4-7(-10) pairs, basal pinnae subopposite (upper pinnae alternate), spreading, shortly stalked (stalk 3-10 mm), ca. 2.5 cm apart from second basal pinnae, largest, deltoid-ovate or triangular, (2.5-)6-11(-13) × (2-)4-7 cm, base subtruncate, strongly inequilateral, 2-pinnate with pinnatipartite secondary pinnules, apex acuminate; pinnules (3-)6-8(-10) pairs, anadromous; acroscopic pinnules triangular, (0.4-) 1-2 × (6-)8-9(-12) mm, base subtruncate, equilateral, basiscopic pinnules prominently larger than acroscopic pinnules, nearly 2 × as long, apex acuminate; basal basiscopic pinnules of lowest pinnae largest, oblong-triangular, 2-3 × as long as acroscopic pinnules, 3-5 × 1.5-2.5 cm, inserted at costa at nearly right angles, sessile or with stalk 1-2 mm, base truncate, apex acuminate; secondary pinnules ca. 6 pairs, alternate, spreading, ovate to oblong, subacute, sessile, often decurrent to costules; acroscopic basal secondary pinnules shorter, deltoid-ovate, 4-9 × 3-6 mm, basiscopic pinnules up to 8-16 × 6-9 mm; secondary pinnule segments 4 or 5 pairs, subopposite, ascending, base cuneate, lobed to narrow wing of midrib, apex obtuse-rounded; ultimate segments oblique, lobed or slightly incised, rounded-obtuse. Veins pinnate, costules slightly tortuous, simple or forked, terminating in emarginations. Rachis, costae, and costules with unicellular hairs, multicellular hyaline hairs, or short glandular hairs. Sori small, brown, orbicular, abaxial on veins, 3-7 sori per ultimate segment; indusia pale green or yellow-brown, orbicular, thinly membranous. Perispore with short spinose or verrucose processes. 2n = 168.
Alpine areas in mountains, wet areas in forests; 1700-4500 m. Gansu, Hebei, Henan, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, ?Taiwan, Xinjiang, Xizang, Yunnan [N India, Japan, Kashmir, Korea, Nepal, E Pakistan, Russia; E Europe, North America].