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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 4 | Pinaceae | Tsuga

2. Tsuga dumosa (D. Don) Eichler in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 2(1): 80. 1887.

云南铁杉 yun nan tie shan

Pinus dumosa D. Don in Lambert, Descr. Pinus 2: 55. 1824; Abies yunnanensis Franchet; Pinus brunoniana Wallich; Tsuga brunoniana (Wallich) Carriere; T. calcarea Downie; T. chinensis (Franchet) E. Pritzel subsp. wardii (Downie) E. Murray; T. dumosa var. yunnanensis (Franchet) Silba; T. dura Downie; T. intermedia Handel-Mazzetti; T. leptophylla Handel-Mazzetti; T. wardii Downie; T. yunnanensis (Franchet) E. Pritzel; T. yunnanensis subsp. dura (Downie) E. Murray.

Trees to 40 m tall; trunk to 2.7 m d.b.h.; bark brownish gray or gray-brown, thick, longitudinally fissured; crown pyramidal; branchlets initially yellowish or reddish brown, turning light brown or dark gray in 2nd or 3rd year, ridged and grooved, brown lanate. Leaves pectinately arranged, linear, rarely narrowly linear-lanceolate, 1-2.4(-3.5) cm × 1.5-3 mm, grooved adaxially, abaxial stomatal bands white, distal margin entire or serrulate, apex obtuse, entire or occasionally emarginate. Seed cones light green, maturing light brown, ovoid or narrowly so, 1.5-3 × 1-2 cm. Seed scales obovate-orbicular, 1-1.4 × 0.7-1.2 cm, base only slightly convex, distal part slightly recurved, very thin, smooth. Bracts cuneate-rhombic, margin denticulate, apex 2-lobed. Seeds obliquely ovoid or narrowly ovoid, 0.8-1.2 cm including wing. Pollination Apr-May, seed maturity Oct-Nov.

Mountain slopes, river basins; 2300-3500 m. Sichuan, S Xizang, N and W Yunnan [Bhutan, N India, N Myanmar, Nepal, Sikkim, N Vietnam]

The timber is used for construction and furniture.


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