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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 5 | Moraceae | Ficus

68. Ficus fulva Reinwardt ex Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 478. 1825.

金毛榕 jin mao rong

Ficus chrysocarpa Reinwardt ex Blume; F. fulva var. chrysocarpa (Reinwardt ex Blume) Koorders.

Small trees, 6-8 m tall. Branchlets and young leaves densely covered with coarse rust-colored thick hairs and pale yellow pubescence. Stipules lanceolate, 1-1.5 cm, densely woolly red rust-colored tomentose. Petiole 1-1.5 cm, densely golden yellow hairy; leaf blade oblong-lanceolate to elliptic, 10-15 × 5-8 cm, papery, abaxially densely golden yellow tomentose, adaxially with scattered and bent coarse hairs, base cuneate and entire, margin serrate, apex acute to acuminate; secondary veins 3 or 4 on each side of midvein. Figs axillary on normal leafy shoots, paired, globose, 1-1.5 cm in diam., densely golden yellow tomentose, apical pore small, navel-like; peduncle short to absent; involucral bracts broadly ovate, densely covered with golden yellow thick hairs. Male flowers: near apical pore, calyx lobes 4, transparent white, broadly ovate, glabrous; stamens 2. Gall flowers: calyx lobes 4, narrowly oblong-lanceolate, tips with tufts of long hairs; ovary ovoid, smooth; style lateral, short. Female flowers: sepals similar to those of male flowers; style, persistent, lateral, long; stigma cylindric. Achenes ellipsoid to rhomboid, wrinkled, tuberculate.

S Yunnan [Brunei, India (Nicobar Islands), Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam].

This species has been confused with Ficus hirta, and the occurrence of true F. fulva within the Flora area needs confirmation. The material varies considerably, and a number of probable further synonyms are recorded from outside the Flora area.


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