54. Ficus heteromorpha Hemsley, Hooker’s Icon. Pl. 26: t. 2533 & 2534. 1897.
异叶榕 yi ye rong
Ficus cavaleriei H. Léveillé & Vaniot; F. cuneata H. Léveillé & Vaniot (1907), not Blume (1825); F. kouytchensis H. Léveillé & Vaniot; F. mairei H. Léveillé; F. pinfaensis H. Léveillé & Vaniot; F. xichouensis S. S. Chang.
Shrubs or trees, 2-5 m tall, deciduous. Bark grayish brown. Branchlets reddish brown; internodes short. Stipules lanceolate, ca. 1 cm. Petiole red, 1.5-6 cm; leaf blade lyrate, elliptic, or elliptic-lanceolate, 10-18 × 2-7 cm, abaxially with small cystoliths, adaxially scabrous, base rounded to shallowly cordate, margin entire or slightly undulate, apex acuminate to caudate; basal lateral veins short, secondary veins red, 6-15 on each side of midvein. Figs axillary on short branchlets, paired, occasionally solitary, purplish black when mature, globose to conic-globose, 6-10 mm in diam., smooth, apical pore navel-like, sessile; involucral bracts ovate. Male flowers: scattered; calyx lobes 4 or 5, spatulate; stamens 2 or 3. Gall flowers: calyx lobes 5 or 6; ovary smooth; style short. Female flowers: calyx lobes 4 or 5; ovary enclosed by calyx lobes; style lateral; stigma brushlike, pubescent. Achenes smooth. Fl. Apr-May, fr. May-Jul.
Forests, mountain slopes, valleys. Anhui, Fujian, S Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, S Shanxi, Sichuan, E and S Yunnan, Zhejiang [Myanmar].
The bark fibers are used for making paper, the fruit are edible, and the leaves are fed to pigs. Much material named as Ficus chapaensis, F. chartacea, and F. ovatifolia belongs here.