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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 5 | Loranthaceae | Elytranthe

2. Elytranthe parasitica (Linnaeus) Danser, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, sér. 3. 10: 315. 1929.

墨脱大苞鞘花 mo tuo da bao qiao hua

Lonicera parasitica Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 175. 1753; Elytranthe loniceroides (Linnaeus) G. Don; Loranthus loniceroides Linnaeus; Macrosolen parasiticus (Linnaeus) Danser.

Shrubs 1-2 m tall. Branches stout; bark pale, verrucose. Petiole 8-12 mm; leaf blade elliptic or oblong-ovate to lanceolate, 8-10 × 3-5 cm, leathery, veins inconspicuous on both surfaces, base broadly cuneate, apex acute to acuminate. Spikes solitary or paired, axillary, sometimes at leafless node, 2-6-flowered; peduncle stout, 5-8 mm; bract and bracteoles suborbicular, ca. 2 mm, keeled, apex subacute. Calyx cylindric, ca. 4 mm, limb cupular, ca. 1 mm, subentire. Mature bud 4-5 cm. Corolla red, tube slightly curved, upwardly inflated, lobes lanceolate, 18-20 mm, reflexed, sometimes slightly twisted. Filaments ca. 14 mm; anthers ca. 4.5 mm, multilocellate. Berry ellipsoid, ca. 10 mm, stylar foot beaklike. Fl. and fr. Feb-Apr.

Forests, mountain slopes, valleys; 1500-1600 m. Xizang (Mêdog) [India, Sikkim, Sri Lanka].

The plants are parasitic on species of Quercus.


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