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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 5 | Loranthaceae | Helixanthera

3. Helixanthera coccinea (Jack) Danser, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, sér. 3. 10: 317. 1929.

景洪离瓣寄生 jing hong li ban ji sheng

Loranthus coccineus Jack, Malayan Misc. 1: 8. 1820.

Shrubs ca. 1 m tall, branchlets and leaves ferruginous stellate pubescent when young, becoming glabrous. Branches grayish, lenticellate. Leaves alternate; petiole 8-12(-22) mm; leaf blade ovate or oblong-ovate, (4-)5-8(-12) × 2.5-4.5(-7) cm, subleathery, lateral veins 5-7 pairs, base rounded (to slightly cordate), apex obtuse. Racemes solitary or 2- or 3-fascicled, axillary, rarely subterminal, 20-30-flowered, 5-7 cm, stellate pubescent; bracts ovate-triangular, ca. 1.5 mm. Flowers 4-merous. Pedicel 1-1.5 mm. Calyx urceolate ca. 2 mm, limb annular, 4-denticulate. Corolla red, base rather swollen and 5-keeled, apical portion clavate, petals lanceolate, 5-6 mm, spreading, margin membranous in middle. Filaments ca. 2 mm; anthers 4-loculed, ca. 1.5 mm. Style cylindric, 4-angled, 5-6 mm; stigma subcapitate. Berry red, vase-shaped, 7-8, 3.5-4 mm in diam. at base. Fl. and fr. Jul-Sep.

Evergreen forests, valleys; ca. 500 m. Yunnan (Jinghong) [NE India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar; SE Asia].

The plants are parasitic on species of Castanopsis.


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