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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 5 | Loranthaceae | Scurrula

10. Scurrula ferruginea (Jack) Danser, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, sér. 3. 10: 350. 1929.

锈毛梨果寄生 xiu mao li guo ji sheng

Loranthus ferrugineus Jack, Malayan Misc. 1: 279. 1820; Cichlanthus ferrugineus (Jack) Tieghem.

Shrubs ca. 1 m tall, young branchlets and leaves with dense darkly reddish brown, longer and shorter verticillate hairs, soon mealy. Branches gray, glabrous, lenticellate. Leaves opposite; petiole 2-6 mm; leaf blade broadly elliptic or ovate, 5-10 × 2-6 cm, thinly leathery, abaxial surface with sparse, short verticillate hairs or subglabrous, adaxial surface glabrous, lateral veins 5-8 pairs, base rounded to shallowly cordate, apex obtuse to subrounded. Racemes solitary or 2 together, axillary, 4-6-flowered; peduncle and rachis 3-10 mm, with dense, long, darkly ferruginous, verticillate hairs. Flowers densely alternate; bracts ovate-triangular, ca. 0.5 mm. Pedicel 1-1.5 cm. Calyx ovoid, ca. 4 mm, limb annular. Mature bud tubular, 0.8-1.5 cm, tip ellipsoid, apex obtuse. Corolla brown, slightly curved, tomentose, apical portion inflated, lobes lanceolate, ca. 4.5 mm, reflexed. Filaments ca. 1 mm; anthers ca. 1 mm. Stigma subcapitate. Fruiting pedicel ca. 3 mm, recurved. Berry pyriform, 8-10 × 3-4 mm, with verticillate hairs, base contracted into stalk. Fl. Oct-Feb.

Forests, mountain slopes, orchards; 900-1800 m. Yunnan [Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam].

Recorded hosts include Citrus grandis, Ficus hispida, Phyllanthus emblica, and Prunus salicina.


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