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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 5 | Viscaceae | Viscum

6. Viscum monoicum Roxburgh ex Candolle, Prodr. 4: 278. 1830.

五脉槲寄生 wu mai hu ji sheng

Shrubs monoecious, ca. 40 cm tall. Branches opposite, decussate, or dichotomous, terete; internodes 3.5-6 cm. Leaves opposite; petiole short; leaf blade elliptic to lanceolate, sometimes falcate, usually oblique, 6-8 × 1.5-3.5 cm, subleathery, (3-)5(-7)-veined, base cuneate or attenuate, apex acute or acuminate. Inflorescences axillary, cymes 1-3 together; peduncle 1-2 mm, base with 1-3 pairs of scales; (3-)5(-7)-flowered; central 1-3 flower(s) female, lateral flowers male; involucre navicular, 3-4 mm, seriate. Pedicel absent. Male flowers ellipsoid in bud, ca. 1 mm; perianth lobes 4. Female flowers clavate or obovoid in bud, ca. 2.5 mm; perianth lobes 4, triangular, 0.7-1 mm. Stigma nipple-shaped. Berry yellowish green, ellipsoid, 5-8 × 2-4 mm, smooth, base slightly rounded, apex truncate. Fl. and fr. Mar-Dec.

Forests, mountain slopes; 700-1400 m. W Guangxi, S Yunnan [Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Sikkim, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam].

The plants are parasitic on Ficus benjamina, Osmanthus fragrans, Punica granatum, and species of Evodia.


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