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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 5 | Polygonaceae | Polygonum

100. Polygonum perfoliatum Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. 10. 2: 1006. 1759.

杠板归 gang ban gui

Ampelygonum perfoliatum (Linnaeus) Roberty & Vautier; Chylocalyx perfoliatus (Linnaeus) Hasskarl ex Miquel; Echinocaulon perfoliatum (Linnaeus) Meisner ex Hasskarl; Fagopyrum perfoliatum (Linnaeus) Rafinesque; Persicaria perfoliata (Linnaeus) H. Gross; Tracaulon perfoliatum (Linnaeus) Greene; Truellum perfoliatum (Linnaeus) Soják.

Herbs annual. Stems trailing, red-brown, 0.8-2 m, branched, angulate, with retrorse prickles along angles. Petiole 3-8 cm, sparsely retrorsely prickly; leaf blade triangular-peltate, 4-6 × 5-8 cm, abaxially usually sparsely retrorsely prickly along veins, adaxially glabrous, base truncate or subcordate, apex subacute; ocrea tubular, with green herbaceous orbicular wing at apex, 1.5-3 cm in diam. Inflorescence terminal or axillary, spicate, 1-3 cm; bracts ovate-orbicular, each 2-4-flowered. Perianth white or pinkish, 5-parted; tepals elliptic, ca. 3 mm, in fruit dark blue, accrescent, fleshy. Stamens 8, in 2 whorls, included. Styles 3, connate at middle. Achenes included in persistent perianth, black, shiny, globose, 3-4 mm in diam. Fl. Jun-Aug, fr. Jul-Oct.

Near fields and roads, wet valleys; 100-2300 m. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, ?Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Russia (Far East), Sikkim, Thailand, Vietnam; SW Asia; introduced in North America].


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