All Floras      Advanced Search
FOC Vol. 5 Page 381 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 5 | Chenopodiaceae | Chenopodium

10. Chenopodium urbicum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 281. 1753.

市藜 shi li

Herbs annual, 20-100 cm tall, not farinose (but young leaves and inflorescence rachis sometimes slightly tomentose). Stem erect, branched or unbranched, striate, ± stout, ribbed. Petiole 2-4 cm; leaf blade concolorous, triangular or rhombic-ovate, 3-8 cm (lower ones sometimes to 15 cm), narrower than or as wide as long, slightly succulent, base subtruncate or broadly cuneate, margin irregularly serrate, apex acute or acuminate. Glomerules few or many flowered, forming axillary or terminal, erect, spikelike panicles. Flowers bisexual and female. Perianth segments 3-5. Filaments slightly shorter than perianth; anthers oblong. Utricle lenticular; pericarp brown. Seed horizontal, oblique, or vertical, red-brown to black, sublustrous, 0.5-1 mm in diam., obscurely or obviously pitted, rim margin obtuse or acute. Fl. and fr. Jul-Oct.

Gobi desert, wastelands, saline-alkaline places, field margins. Hebei, Heilongjiang, N Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, N Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, N Xinjiang [N Africa, C and SW Asia, Europe; introduced in North America and some other regions].

1 Leaf blade triangular, 3-8 cm; glomerules few flowered, forming axillary, spikelike panicles; perianth segments 5; seed horizontal, ca. 1 mm in diam., obscurely pitted, rim margin obtuse.   10a subsp. urbicum
+ Leaf blade rhombic-ovate, lower ones to 15 cm; glomerules many flowered, forming mainly terminal, spikelike panicles; perianth segments 3-5; seed horizontal, oblique, or vertical, 0.5-0.7 mm in diam., obviously pitted, rim margin acute.   10b subsp. sinicum


Related Objects  
  • Illustration
  • Illustration

    Flora of North America  
  • Distribution Map
  • Map

    Flora of China @
    Browse by
    Advanced Search

    Flora of China Home




     |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |