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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 6 | Caryophyllaceae | Lychnis

3. Lychnis cognata Maximowicz, Prim. Fl. Amur. 55. 1859.

浅裂剪秋罗 qian lie jian qiu luo

Lychnis fulgens Fischer var. cognata (Maximowicz) Regel; Silene cognata (Maximowicz) H. Ohashi & H. Nakai.

Herbs perennial, 30--90 cm tall, pilose with intermixed sparse multicellular eglandular hairs. Roots caespitose, fusiform, slightly fleshy. Stems simple or branched above. Leaves ovate-lanceolate, 5--11 × 1--4 cm, more densely pilose at veins, base broadly cuneate, apex acute. Dichasium several flowered, or sometimes flowers solitary in leaf axils. Pedicel 3--12 mm; bracts laxly villous. Flowers 3.5--5 cm in diam. Calyx narrowly campanulate, 2--2.5 cm × 3.5--5 mm, laxly villous at veins, slightly inflated in fruit; teeth triangular, ca. 3 mm. Petal limb orange-red or reddish, bifid, apically obtuse, each with a subulate lateral tooth, main lobes obovate, margin entire or obscurely denticulate; claw slightly protruding from calyx, glabrous, base narrowly cuneate; coronal scales dark red, apex dentate. Stamens and styles slightly exserted. Androgynophore 8--10 mm. Capsule narrowly ellipsoid-ovoid, ca. 1.5 cm. Fl. Jun--Jul, fr. Jul--Aug. 2n = 24.

Mountain slopes, gullies, forests, scrub, grasslands; 500--2000 m. Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Zhejiang [Korea, Russia (Far East)].


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