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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 6 | Ranunculaceae | Actaea

2. Actaea erythrocarpa Fischer, Index Sem. Hort. Petrop. 1: 20. 1835.

红果类叶升麻 hong guo lei ye sheng ma

Actaea spicata Linnaeus var. erythrocarpa (Fischer) Turczaninow ex Ledebour.

Rhizome black-brown, with numerous slender fibrous roots. Stems 60--70 cm tall, terete, 4--6 mm in diam., basally glabrous, apically pubescent. Leaves 2 or 3, proximal cauline leaves 3 × ternately pinnate, long petiolate; petiole to 24 cm; leaf blade triangular, to 25 cm wide, abaxially sparsely white pubescent or subglabrous at veins, adaxially subglabrous; terminal leaflet ovate to broadly ovate, 6--10 × 5--8 cm, 3-fid, margin sharply serrate; lateral leaflets obliquely ovate, irregularly 2- or 3-parted. Inflorescence racemose, ca. 6 cm, to 10 cm at fruiting; rachis and pedicels densely pubescent; bracts linear-lanceolate, 2--6 mm. Pedicels 0.5--1.5 cm. Flowers 8--10 mm, crowded. Sepals obovate, ca. 2.5 mm. Petals spatulate, ca. 2.5 mm, proximal part unguiculate, apex rounded. Filaments 4--5 mm; anthers ca. 0.7 mm. Pedicels at fruiting ca. 0.6 mm in diam. Fruit red, rarely white, 5--6 mm in diam., glabrous. Seeds ca. 8, ± black, ca. 3 × 2 mm, glabrous. Fl. May--Jun, fr. Jul--Aug. 2n = 16*.

Forests; 700--1500 m. Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shanxi, ?Yunnan [Japan; Mongolia, Russia (Far East, Siberia); Europe].


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