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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 6 | Ranunculaceae | Anemone

5. Anemone baicalensis Turczaninow, Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou. 15: 40. 1842.

毛果银莲花 mao guo yin lian hua

Rhizome branched, ascending, short, 4--6 mm in diam., but sometimes prostrate, stolonlike, long, ca. 1 mm in diam. Scalelike leaves absent. Leaves 2 or 3, with distinct blade developing before anthesis; petiole 10--15(--20) cm, pubescent, sparsely puberulent, or glabrous, base sheathing, remnants sometimes resembling scalelike leaves; leaf blade 3-sect, reniform-pentagonal, 3--5 × 4--7(--10) cm, puberulent, base cordate, margin lobulate-dentate, apex obtuse; segments subsessile; central segment 3-lobed or toothed distally, broadly rhombic; lateral segments 2-parted, obliquely flabellate. Scape solitary, (5--)10--25(--30) cm, pubescent, sparsely puberulent, or glabrous; cyme 1(or 2)-flowered. Involucral bracts 3, sessile; bract blade unequally 2- or 3-parted or 3-lobed distally, rhombic or lanceolate, 1--3 × 2--4 cm. Pedicel 3--8(--10) cm, pubescent. Sepals 5(--7), white, obovate, 7--20 × 6--7 mm, sparsely pubescent or subglabrous, basal veins 3--5, vein anastomoses 3--5, base and apex rounded. Stamens 4--7 mm; filament filiform; anther ellipsoid or cylindric, connective narrow. Ovary ovoid, puberulent or subglabrous, base rounded; style obscure; stigma turbinate, ellipsoid-turbinate, or globose. Achene body cylindric-ovoid, 4--5 × 2--2.5 mm, puberulent (hairs ca. 0.1 mm), base narrowed; style hooked, ca. 0.5 mm, base puberulent. Fl. May--Jun.

Forests, scrub, grassy places and slopes; 500--3100 m. S Gansu, E Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, S Shanxi, C and NW Sichuan, Yunnan [N Korea, Mongolia, Russia (Siberia)].

1 Leaf petiole and scape glabrous   5d var. rossii
+ Leaf petiole and scape pubescent.   (2)
2 (1) Leaf petiole and scape spreading pubescent   5a var. baicalensis
+ Leaf petiole and scape sparsely appressed puberulent.   (3)
3 (2) Sepals 7--8 mm; stigma ellipsoid-turbinate   5b var. kansuensis
+ Sepals 10--20 mm; stigma globose   5c var. saniculiformis


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    Photos by The Biodiversity of the Hengduan Mountains Project  
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  • Image File (David Boufford)
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  • Image File (David Boufford)
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  • Image File (David Boufford)
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